Palawan’s population has reached 850,000, according to the recent report released by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) in 2017.
Evelyn Apellido, PSA Palawan Field Office’s supervising statistical specialist, attributed the population increase to the province’s laid-back ambiance and outstanding environs, which encourage in-migration.
“For one, Palawan’s exceptional beauty has gained prominence here in the country and abroad, and it has attracted people from other places to move in here,” she told Palawan News Thursday, January 4.
“It’s downside, however, is that more people are competing for our finite resources,” she added.
Based on the 2015 Census of Population, the province, excluding Puerto Princesa City, had a total population of 849,469 as of August 1, 2015, higher by 77,802 compared with 2010’s 771,667.
Palawan’s population annually grew at a rate of 1.8% during the period 2010 to 2015.
“This means that there were about 18 persons added per year for every 1,000 persons in the population,” the report said, adding the province had a median age of 20.7 years in 2015.
However, that average population growth rate was lower compared to the past two decades, with 2.7% during 2000 to 2010 and 3.4% during 1990 to 2000.
“The dip was attributed to a number of factors, such as deaths, out-migration, and pursuing employment and studies and eventually settling down outside the province,” Apellido said.
More males than females
Generally, males outnumbered females in the province, with a sex ratio of 108 males for every 100 females.
“In Palawan, 51.9% were male while 49.1 percent were female,” the report stated.
In terms of age-sex distribution, males also outnumbered females in the age groups of 0 to 69 years.
Females, on the other hand, tend to live longer as they outnumbered their male counterparts in the older age groups of 70 years old and over.
“Males die earlier because they are more inclined to have vices, which make them develop diseases in the long run. Also, more males had been involved in road accidents than females,” she added.
More children than adults
Relatedly, the provincial population’s age-sex distribution showed that children aged 5 to 9 years comprised the largest age group, making up 12.6% of the household population.
This was closely followed by those in the age groups of 0 to 4 years and 10 to 14 years, respectively with 12.4% and 12.1%, the report added.
Looking at Palawan’s 2015 Household Population Age-Sex Pyramid, the state statistician said the trend is that the provincial population diminishes as people advance in life.
More people in the South
The report, meanwhile, showed that Southern Palawan contributed 51.1% (434,239) to the province’s total population, while Northern Palawan recorded a share of 48.9% (415,230).
Among Palawan’s 23 towns, Bataraza had the biggest population size in 2015, totaling to 75,468 or 8.9% of the province’s total population.
The presence of two big mining companies in Barangay Rio Tuba, Bataraza has magnetized people to move and work there, Apellido said.
Rio Tuba had a total population of 21,330, also the biggest among the province’s 367 barangays.
On one hand, Kalayaan, located in the West Philippine Sea, was the least populated town in the province and entire country with 184 in 2015.
Every five years, the PSA conducts census and process and publish its report after two years. The next population census will be held in 2020, with its report expected to be released by 2022.