Acting Secretary Jim Sampulna of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) said solid waste management remains a serious issue in the Philippines, owing primarily to poor waste segregation at the local level.
In a statement issued by his office Monday, Sampulna stated that despite the passage of Republic Act (RA) 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, which mandates barangay-level segregation, some local government units (LGUs) have failed to strictly implement the law.
“The national government can only do so much. While we provide the technical assistance, capability support, and information dissemination on environmental laws, the responsibility of solid waste management rests with the LGUs,” Sampulna said.
“The LGUs need to strictly enforce their solid waste management plan, allot sufficient budget for the implementation, and impose proper segregation in their contracts between their waste collection service providers,” he added.
This comes after the DENR required local governments to build a sanitary landfill to replace the 335 open dumpsites it had closed around the country.
Benito Antonio de Leon, DENR Undersecretary for Solid Waste Management and Local Government Units Concerns and Attached Agencies, stated that households continue to lack a knowledge of the significance of waste segregation, resulting in loss of disposal-related lifestyle adjustments.
“Although there is a significant observation on the compliance among households in some areas, there are others who still don’t segregate. We need to remind ourselves that our neglect of waste segregation leads to environmental impacts such as harm to our marine life,” De Leon said.
“Instead of specific trash ending up in materials recovery facilities, composting sites, and hazardous waste treatment plants, it ends up piling in our scarce sanitary landfills and water bodies, causing diseases, pollution, drainage obstructions, food contamination, among many others,” he added.
De Leon reminded the public to observe proper segregation in their homes, specifically on compostable, recyclable, residual, household hazardous, and household healthcare wastes.
Compostable and biodegradable wastes such as plants, wet paper, and food waste are placed in green trash bins, while recyclable wastes such as glass, plastic bottles, and scrap metal are placed in the blue trash bins.
Meanwhile, black trash bins represent residual wastes such as used plastic or paper cups, food wrappers and tetra packs, and red trash bins represent household hazardous wastes such as paint cans, spray canisters, and electrical or electronic equipment.
Used face masks, gloves, and other Covid-related wastes belong to the household healthcare wastes which are placed in yellow trash bins.
De Leon said in the absence of color-coded bins or trash bags, households can alternatively label it according to its category.
To teach waste management at an early age, he invited children aged 5 to 8 years old to download DENR’s Basura Buster app on their mobile phones and learn about proper waste segregation in an enjoyable way.